Positive Life Happiness Meditation

Cheer Up! Stay Positive!

 

Glossary

Glossary

Glossary

  • Abhyasa

    Practice
  • Aham

    Self; I AM.
  • Ahimsa

    Non-injury. Principle of non-violence towards everyone including animals. Ahimsa's precept of 'cause no injury' includes one's deeds, words, and thoughts.
  • Ananda

    Happiness; Bliss
  • Anandamaya

    Blissful; Filled with Happiness.
  • Annamaya

    Made up of food; composed of food.
  • Ardhanareeswara

    Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati in the form of half man and half woman united as one Being.
    Ardhanareeswara-form-of-shiva-parvati

    Ardhanareeswara-form-of-shiva-parvati

  • Arjuna

    Arjuna was the 3rd of the Pandava brothers. He was a brave, triumphant warrior. He is considered as the protagonist of the Mahabharata with Krishna and plays a key role in the Bhagavad Geeta.
    Arjuna

    Arjuna

  • Asana

    Posture; Seating
  • Ashram

    Traditionally, an ashram is a spiritual hermitage, a monastery, a monastic community, or a place of religious retreat for Hindus. Ashram

  • Ashramas

    The four Ashramas are orders or stages of life. They are Brahmacharya (Youth/Bachelor - dedicated towards education and development of strong values), Grihastha (Householders - maintaining a good, happy family and being a good example for children and society), Vanaprastha (Retirement - having completed one's duties, taking to contemplation, guidance and peaceful activities), and Sannyasa (Renunciation - giving up attachment to worldly, material desires to achieve oneness of the soul with the supreme being).

  • Atman

    Ātman is a Sanskrit word that means inner self or soul.  In Hindu philosophy, especially in the Vedanta school of Hinduism, Ātman is the first principle, the true self of an individual beyond identification with phenomena, the essence of an individual. In order to attain liberation, a human being must acquire self-knowledge (atma jnana) which is to realize that one's true self (Ātman) is identical with the transcendent self Brahman.
  • Avidya

    Ignorance. Not Knowing one's true Self.
  • Bhagavan

    God; Lord. An enlightened Sage is considered God's incarnation, and so is many times called Bhagavan. ~~~ Bhagavan
  • Bhajan

    Devotional Song
  • Brahmaakaara

    Associated with Brahman, the True Self.
  • Buddhism

    The religion followed by the followers of Sri Gautama Buddha, an Enlightened Master or Sage of India.
  • Caste

    The four castes are Brahmana, Kshatriya, Vaisya and Sudra. This division is according to the Guna (Quality of Mind and Karma (Kind of Work done). Both Guna and Karma determine the caste of a man.

    Sattwa is good, Rajas is passionately active, Tamas is dullness and inertia.

    In a Brahmana, Sattwa predominates. He possesses serenity, purity, self-restraint, straightforwardness and devotion. In a Kshatriya, Rajas predominates. He possesses prowess, splendour, firmness, dexterity, generosity and rulership. In a Vaisya, Rajas predominates and and less of Tamas. He does the duty of ploughing, protection of cattle and trade. In a Sudra, Tamas predominates and less of Rajas. He is not capable of having the predominance of the above qualities.

  • chakshus

    Look; Eyes.
  • Darsan

    Seeing the Form of a Divine Being - Sage or God
    Divine Darsan

    Divine Darsan

  • Diksha

    Diksha is giving of a mantra or an initiation by the guru in Indian religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. Diksha can be of various types, through the teacher's sight, touch, or word, with the purpose of purifying the disciple or student. Diksha (Sanskrit: दीक्षा in Devanagari, dīkṣā, Tamil: தீட்சை) also spelled deeksha or deeksa in common usage, is translated as a "preparation or consecration for a religious ceremony".
  • Gunas

    Guṇa, depending on the context means 'string, thread or strand', or 'virtue, merit, excellence', or 'quality, peculiarity, attribute, property'. There are three guṇas. They are called: sattva (goodness, constructive, harmonious), rajas (passion, active, confused), and tamas (darkness, destructive, chaotic). All of these three gunas are present in everyone and everything, it is the proportion that is different. The interplay of these gunas defines the character of someone or something, of nature and determines the progress of life. In some contexts, it may mean 'a subdivision, species, kind, quality', or an operational principle or tendency of something or someone. In human behavior, Guna means personality, innate nature and psychological attributes of an individual.
  • Guru

    Guru: a Teacher, Master, an Enlightened Being particularly in Indian religions. The Hindu guru-sishya (teacher-student) tradition is the oral tradition or religious doctrine or experiential wisdom transmitted from teacher to student. In the present times, Guru could mean anywhere from an expert in a certain field to a Spiritual Master.

    Ramana MaharshiSri Ramana Maharshi              
  • Homa

    Worshipping by offering oblations into the consecrated fire.
  • Hrimkara

    The Self; the Source
  • Jiva

    Individual Self; soul; a person Jeeva, Individual Self, Person
  • Karma

    Karma means action, work or deed. Karma also stands for the consequences of a mental or physical activity. In Hinduism and Buddhism, Karma denotes the sum of a person's actions in this and previous states of existence, viewed as deciding their fate in future existences. It refers to the spiritual principle of cause and effect where intent and actions of an individual (cause) influence the future of that individual (effect). Good intent and good deeds contribute to good karma and future happiness, while bad intent and bad deeds contribute to bad karma and future suffering.

    Karma
  • Kosa

    Sheath; Layer.
  • Kripa

    Grace; God's Grace; Guru Kripa is Guru's Grace.
  • Manomaya

    Made up of mind; composed of mind.
  • Mantra

    Mantra is (originally in Hinduism and Buddhism) a word or sound repeated to aid concentration in meditation. It can also be a Vedic hymn. Mantra is typically a word, statement or slogan repeated frequently. For example, AUM or OM (pronounced Ohm) is the original, divine Mantra in India. It stands for the Almighty that is the Beginning, Middle and End of all Beings.
  • Mauna

    Silence, Mental Silence, Inner Tranquillity ~~~ Mouna
  • Maya

    The Great Illusion that projects the world and veils our Real Self. To remove this illusion and realize one's Blissful, Immortal Nature, Self-Enquiry in the manner of "Who am I ?" becomes essential and the most effective and direct means. Maya-Illusion
  • OM

    AUM (commonly known as OM) is the original, divine, sacred Mantra of India. It is composed of three sounds : A (ah) is the innermost sound produced from deep within the body, U (ooh) is the Middle sound produced somewhere in the throat area, and M (ihm) is the outermost sound produced at the lips. This denotes the Almighty Being as the Beginning, Middle and End of all beings. Therefore, chanting this Mantra, contemplating on its meaning or looking for the Source of the "I" who chants are considered the best and effective practices of Meditation.
  • Prakriti

    Nature. The primal matter with three different innate qualities (Guṇas:Qualities of Mind - Sattva:Good, Rajas:Passionate, Tamas:Dull) whose equilibrium is the basis of all observed empirical reality.

  • Pranayama

    Pranayama in Hindu Yoga is the regulation of breath through certain techniques and exercises. It is a conscious prolongation of inhalation, retention and exhalation. 'Prana' pronounced 'Praanaa' is the Life Energy, both individual and universal. If breath is controlled, mind is controlled and becomes quiet and vice versa. It is used as an aid to meditation, relaxation, calming the mind and general health.

  • Rajas

    Rajas is the force which promotes or upholds the activity of the other aspects of nature (prakriti) such as one or more of the following: action, change, mutation; passion, excitement; birth, creation, generation. If a person or thing tends to be extremely active, excitable, or passionate, that person or thing could be said to have a preponderance of rajas.

  • Ramanasramam

    It is the Ashram of Sri Ramana Maharshi. He did not form or establish any organization. He was an enlightened Being, totally absorbed in the Self, living a simple life on the Holy Arunachala Hill without touching money, wearing a single cloth, without caring for his body. But later on, as people surrounded Him, the Ashram happened, and He lets things happen as ordained, for the benefit of others.

    Ashram

  • Sadhana

    Practice
  • Sadhu

    In Sanskrit: Monk; Hermit; Renunciate.
  • Sage

    One who has attained Perfect Wisdom. An Enlightened, Self-Realized Being. Sri Ramana Maharshi Sri Ramana Maharshi
  • Sanatana Dharma

    Sanatana Dharma is the Eternal Way of Life of India. In India, ancient Sages who researched within and discovered the Truths of one's Real Being, passed it on to their disciples, who in turn passed it on to others. There is really no such thing as "Hinduism".  It is just a fusion of Indian Cultures and Traditions, with no Founder.

    Aum or OmAum or Om - Meaning: The All-Pervading Being which is the Beginning, Middle and End of all Beings Hindu Swastika SymbolHindu Swastika Symbol - Meaning: Well-Being, Good Fortune
  • Sanatana Dharma

    Sanatana Dharma is the Eternal Way of Life in India. In India, ancient Sages who researched within and discovered the Truths of one's Real Being, passed it on to their disciples, who in turn passed it on to others. There is really no such thing as "Hinduism".  It is just a fusion of Indian Cultures and Traditions, with no Founder.

    Aum or OmAum or Om- Meaning: The All-Pervading Being which is the Beginning, Middle and End of all Beings Hindu Swastika SymbolHindu Swastika Symbol - Meaning: Well-Being, Good Fortune

  • Sat

    Being; Existence; Truth; Reality Truth
  • Sat-Chit-Ananda

    Existence, Consciousness, Bliss.
  • Sat-Chit-Ananda

    Existence, Consciousness, Bliss.
  • Satsang

    Association with the wise. Typically it means getting together with good, spiritually inclined people either for worshipping God, chanting, reading or singing songs. In a higher sense, it means keeping in touch with teachings of great Great Sages or Scriptures - reading, listening, pondering, contemplating or meditating. The highest Satsang is to keep in touch with the True Self, the inner Being.

  • Sattwa

    Sattva is a state of mind in which the mind is steady, calm and peaceful. In Vedantic philosophy, it one of the three qualities of prakriti, or nature, which are passion (rajas) dullness or inertia (tamas) and goodness or purity (sattva).
  • Sparsa

    Touch
  • Tamas

    Tamas is the lowest of the three Gunas (qualities - Sattwa, Rajas and Tamas). Tamas is a force which promotes darkness, dissolution, death, destruction, ignorance, sloth, and resistance.
  • Thayumanavar

    Thayumanavar or Tayumanavar, Tamil: தாயுமானவர் (1705–1742), pronounced Thāyum-ānavar, is one of the spiritual giants and a Tamil philosopher from Tamil Nadu, India. Thayumanavar's key teaching is to discipline the mind, control desires and meditate peacefully. He went on to say that "it is easy to control an elephant, catch hold of the tiger's tail, grab the snake and dance, dictate the angels, transmigrate into another body, walk on water or sit on the sea; but it is more difficult to control the mind and remain quiet".
  • Tiruvachakam

    Thiruvachakam (Tamil: திருவாசகம், lit. "sacred utterance") is a volume of Tamil hymns composed by the ninth century poet ManickaVachagar. It contains 51 compositions and constitutes the eighth volume of the Tirumurai, the sacred anthology of Tamil Saiva Siddhantha.

    Legend has it that Manikkavasakar was appointed as minister by King Arimarttanar and sent to purchase 10,000 horses from Arab traders but spent the money building a temple in Tiruppanthurai.

    Thiruvachakam is the only work which is signed by lord Siva.

  • Upadesa

    Upadeśa (Sanskrit: उपदेश), "teaching," "instruction", is the spiritual guidance provided by a guru or spiritual teacher.  The guru does not merely ask his disciple to perform a task; he helps him by remaining by his side and directing him, indeed remaining close to his heart and showing the pupil the path he must follow in this life.
  • Vairagya

    Dispassion; Non-attachment.
  • Varnas

    The original varnashrama is the division of society into four Varnas (types) and four Ashramas (stages of life) that cooperate to satisfy the Supreme Being. One's Varna is determined by one's character, qualities, training, and work. The focus is spiritual advancement and spiritual satisfaction for each member of society.

    There are three qualities or Gunas : Sattva (purity), Rajas (passion) and Tamas (inertia). These three qualities are found in all people, but in varying proportions. Each Varna has these qualities in different amounts. One who has pure Sattva alone is a Sage. If Sattva predominates, they are contemplative, wise thinkers who guide rulers of the country, provide spiritual stability to the society, people with a pure mind and good, gentle qualities. If Rajas predominates, they are good, brave, but passionate and activity oriented people. If Tamas predominates, they are dull and ignorant, not prone to enquiry and reasoning.

    Serenity, self-restraint, austerity, purity, forgiveness, uprightness, knowledge, faith in God, Self-Realization are the duties of the Brahmanas, born of (their own) nature. Prowess, splendour, firmness, dexterity, and also not fleeing from battle, generosity and lordliness are the duties of the Kshatriyas, born of (their own) nature. Agriculture, cattle-rearing, trade and business are the duties of the Vaisyas, born of (their own) nature. And other people performing their actions, professional or household, consisting of other services to the community is the duty of the Sudras, born of (their own) nature.

  • Vijnanamaya

    Composed of Intellect, the analyzing, rationalizing entity.
  • Vritti

    Thinking; thought.
  • Yagna

    Yagna or Yajna  literally means "sacrifice, devotion, worship, offering", and refers in Hinduism to any worship or ritual done in front of a sacred fire, often with mantras chanted. The tradition has evolved from offering oblations and libations into sacred fire, to symbolic offerings in the presence of sacred fire.

  • Yogi

    The term "yogi" is used broadly to refer to a Sanyasi (Renunciate or Hermit) or practitioners of Meditation.  A yogi is a practitioner of yoga. The term "yogi" is also used to refer specifically to Siddhas (accomplished ones, or one with supernatural powers).
  • Yogic

    Mental Contact; Mental Merging; Heart-to-Heart contact.
  • Yogin

    A yogi is a practitioner of yoga. The term "yogi" is used broadly to refer to a sannyasi (renunciate) or practitioners of meditation in India.

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